The 10 Most Popular Sports While on Anticoagulants
What is good for my heart?
As a rule of thumb, the type of sports and the training intensity should be adjusted to fit your current performance level and physical capacity; be aware of your body’s warning signals and always drink plenty of water or fruit juices while training.
Regular cycling promotes endurance and oxygen supply. Competitive bike racing with peak capacities should be adapted to match the respective constitution. Demanding mountain bike trails in mountainous terrain are not always suitable, due to the risk of injury.
Fitness / Gymnastics
Fitness training under the guidance of an instructor – for example at a cardiac health sports group – improves endurance, strength, coordination, and flexibility. An experienced coach should observe movements and correct them when necessary.
Hiking / Nordic Walking
Hiking in the great outdoors promotes circulation, economizes cardiovascular activity, and has a meditative effect on your mind. Of importance here is to adapt the hiking tempo to the terrain and to avoid very high altitudes, where the atmosphere reduces blood oxygen levels the higher you go. Hiking in altitudes up to 2,000 meters should pose no problem. Nordic walking is a particularly low-impact, all-body workout. Using the poles while walking benefits the muscular system throughout the body.
Swimming gently develops the body’s entire muscle system and also stimulates the lungs. Following heart surgery, patients will need an approx. 8-week adjustment period, since swimming places a strain on the chest. The swimming technique is of great significance here.
Regular paced running has a proven track record for reducing the risk of heart disease. It activates the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats, regulates insulin levels, and supports stress hormone reduction.
Tennis and squash are only suitable for heart patients to a limited extent. This is due to the sudden movements, which can result in extreme peaks in blood pressure. The technique used to execute the movements plays a decisive role.
Winter sport activities are great for keeping the cardiovascular system in shape during the cold months. It is better to pursue cross-country skiing instead of downhill, as it carries a significantly lower risk of injury.
Soccer is a team sport and inspires enjoyment and emotion. It does, however, place high demands on musculature, tendons, and bones. The risk of injury is correspondingly high – especially for older people, who are often no longer used to this type of training.
Power sports with an instructor are the ideal training for joints and spine and a good method to prevent falls. It not only trains muscles, but also strengthens ligaments and bones. After heart surgery, though, patients should be careful to choose only those exercises that do not subject the chest to excessive pressure.
Dancing is an ideal sport for more senior heart patients. In addition to socializing and physical activity, benefits include increased coordination and balance along with excellent training for the brain.